Colchicine is a drug used to treat gout and prevent frequent gout attacks. Gout is a type of arthritis that occurs when uric acid accumulates excessively in the body because the body cannot remove it quickly enough.
Certain brands of this drug can also be used to prevent a genetic condition called the Mediterranean Familial Fever (FMF). Colchicine is used to treat pain and inflammation caused by FMF attacks.
Colchicine works by reducing the swelling, inflammation, and pain that occurs when uric acid crystals form in the joints.
Colchicine can also be used to prevent gout attacks along with other gout medications such as probenecid, sulfinpyrazone, and allopurinol.